Is Moses one of the Two Witnesses of the Book of Revelation? Discover what the Bible says here.
Moses is often referred to as "Moses the Lawgiver"; but it was actually God that gave God's Law through Moses (John 1:17) to the nation of Israel, and to the world. Moses was born in Egypt; and his name is an Egyptian name, because he was adopted by an Egyptian princess, in Exodus 2:10.
However, the name "Moses" sounds very similar to the Hebrew word "moshe", which means "drawn out" or "removed"; and Moses was "drawn out" of the Nile River (Exodus 2:5,10). The Egyptian princess realized Moses was Hebrew (Exodus 2:6) and gave him a name that was reasonable among both the Hebrews and the Egyptian royal court. It also happened to be prophetic, as Moses was "drawn out" of Egypt by God; and through Moses, the entire Hebrew nation was "drawn out" of Egypt.
Moses means "son (of)" in Egyptian; and while many royal Egyptian names were a combination of the name of a so-called "god" and some form of the word "moses" (e.g. "Ahmose", meaning "son of Ah (the Moon)", Moses name was uncombined. It must have been a rather awkward name to have. However, the Egyptian princess could not suggest that a Hebrew was the son of an Egyptian "god"; and the Hebrews did not yet know the name of (their) God (Exodus 3:13-14).
This adds another layer of meaning to the moment when Moses asked God what God's Name is;
learning God's Name told Moses what his own name might have been if his
adoptive mother had known the name of the God of the Hebrews. This also
underscores the fact that no one knew the name of the Hebrew God at
For a summary of the life and miracles of Moses, please visit these pages on this website:
Miracles of Moses in Deuteronomy
Miracles of Moses in Other Bible Books
These pages will open in new windows; just close those windows to return to this page. The contents of those pages will be referenced liberally on this page.
To answer the question of whether or not Moses is one of the Two Witnesses of Revelation, let us begin by looking in the Book of Deuteronomy. In Deuteronomy 18:15-18, the Bible says:
"15 From among your brothers, Yehovah Elohim (God) will raise up for you a prophet like me [Moses]; listen to him!
16 Regarding everything which you asked of Yehovah Elohim (God) in the day of assembly in [Mount] Horeb, saying 'I will not hear more of the voice of Yehovah Elohim (God)!' and 'I will not see more of this great fire, lest I die!',
17 Yehovah (God) says to me, 'They spoke well.
18 From among their brothers, I will raise up a prophet like you [Moses]; and I will give my words to him, and he will tell them all which I will teach him.'"
The phrase "a prophet like [Moses]" is reminiscent of the expression "the power and spirit of Elijah", found in Luke 1:17. We saw that John the Baptist is one of the people who was to come in "the power and spirit of Elijah" in "Part 6: John the Baptist" (this page will open in a new window; just close that window to return here). So the life of John the Baptist gives us some idea of what it means for "a prophet like [Moses]" to be sent to us by God.
However, the passage from Deuteronomy doesn't give us any indication of when this "prophet like Moses" would come.
Looking again at what we know about John the Baptist, we find in the
Book of Malachi the time when John was supposed to come: before the
coming of Jesus, "the day of Yehovah [God] the Great and Feared". Malachi 4:4-6 states:
"4 Remember the Law of my servant Moses which I taught him in Horeb, all of the statutes and judgments on Israel.
5 Look! I am sending Elijah the prophet to you, to come before the day of Yehovah [God] the Great and Feared;
6 and he will restore the hearts of fathers towards sons, and sons towards their fathers; otherwise, I will come and hit the Earth with doom."
In Malachi 4:5, we see the time for John the Baptist ("Elijah the prophet"); but just before that, Malachi mentions Moses. It is interesting that both of the men (besides Jesus, the Messiah) who were prophesied to come are mentioned so close together; especially interesting since Malachi 4:5 is the only verse that prophesies the coming of "Elijah" by name. Is this suggesting that "Moses" would also come before (or around) the time of Jesus? Let us look further.
In the Gospel of John 1:24-25, we have the following:
"24 The people which were sent out from the Pharisees
25 speak to him [John the Baptist] and ask him, 'Why are you baptizing then, if you are not the Christ, nor Elijah, nor the 'prophet'?'"
This passage tells us two things:
A careful translation of Mark 6:15 provides additional evidence:
"Others said that He [Jesus] is Elijah; still others said that He is that 'prophet', or like one of the prophets."
Again, the people were expecting Elijah and "that 'prophet'" (and
the Messiah, of course: even though He is not mentioned here, he was
clearly expected). Anyone else who might appear was not expected, but
would just be "like one of the [unnamed] prophets".
So we know that, up to the time of Jesus, people anticipated the coming of exactly three distinct individuals: the Christ (Hebrew "Messiah"), Elijah, and the "prophet". Since we know Moses prophesied the coming of a "prophet" like himself, we see that the "prophet" that the Pharisees were anticipating was the same "prophet" of which Moses wrote in Deuteronomy 18:15-18.
In John 5:31-47, Jesus speaks about the testimony that He had come to Earth to share with people. Near the beginning of this passage (John 5:33-36), Jesus talks about the testimony of John the Baptist (who came "in the power and spirit of Elijah", Luke 1:17). In the middle of this passage (John 5:36-45), Jesus speaks about His own testimony. Finally, at the end of the passage, Jesus prophesies about the testimony of Moses. Again, we see mentions of "Elijah" and of Moses which are located very close to each other in the Bible.
At this point, we know that "a prophet like [Moses]"--someone "in the power and spirit of" Moses--has been prophesied to come. We also know that Moses and Elijah are strongly correlated in the Bible. Further, from "Part 5: Elijah and Elisha" (this page will open in a new window), we know that "Elijah" is one of the Two Witnesses in Revelation. Finally we have the suggestion from Malachi 4:4-6 that the "prophet like [Moses]" might appear about the same time as "Elijah".
Thus, we already have considerable evidence that "Moses" is the other of the Two Witnesses of Revelation, alongside "Elijah". Let us now do what we did Elijah and Elisha: let us compare the miracles of Moses with the miracles of the Two Witnesses and see how similar they are.
Comparing the miracles of Moses with the miracles of the Two Witnesses of Revelation, we see some striking similarities:
As we can see, for every miracle that we are told will happen in the lives of the Two Witnesses, we have a record in the Bible of a similar miracle occurring in the life of Moses. This is the same thing we discovered with the combined ministries of Elijah and Elisha.
In review, we have
Therefore, we can conclude that the "prophet like [Moses]", coming "in the power and spirit of" Moses, will be the second of the Two Witnesses in Revelation.
Of the Seven Eyes (witnesses) of God, also called the Seven Lamps of the Menorah, we now have some identification for six of them. There is the "Elijah" line, to which Elijah, Elisha, John the Baptist, and the "Elijah" Witness of Revelation belong. Also, there is the "Moses" line, to which Moses and the "Moses" Witness of Revelation belong.
Who is the seventh member of this group? We will learn his identity in "Part 8: Stephen the Martyr".
Contribute to BiblicalPOV.Com
Please click on the
"Pay Now" button below. On the next page, enter the amount you'd like to contribute in the "Item price" box, then press "Update".
Jan 08, 17 12:18 PM
Feb 07, 16 03:12 PM
Jul 15, 15 10:33 AM
CommentsHave your say about what you just read! Leave me a comment in the box below.